sermonette: The Angel and the Apostle
David C. Grabbe
Given 17-Oct-20; 17 minutes
David Grabbe, focusing on Jesus Christ's superiority over angels, as referenced in Hebrews 1:4, distinguishes the created angels from the frequently appearing terms in the Old Testament, "Angel of God" or "Angel of the Lord." These terms refer to a Being coterminous with Javeh, the "God of the Old Testament." This Angel of the Lord (synonymous with Jesus Christ) spoke to Hagar "between Kadesh and Bered" (Genesis 16:7-14) and to Moses from the burning bush (Exodus 3:2). The noun angel, meaning "one sent" (malach or malech), applies to priests as messengers of God, including John the Baptist. However, malach falls short of the significance of Jesus Christ, who is the Spokesman for the Godhead and the High Priest for God's saints. References to Apostle and High Priest never apply to created angels. The reason the apostle Paul (the presumptive author of Hebrews) did not use an apostolic salutary greeting—common in his epistles—is his determination to show deference to the ultimate Apostle and High Priest, Jesus Christ.