by John Reiss
CGG Weekly, January 8, 2021
"If there be no enemy, there's no fight. If no fight, no victory, and if no victory, there is no crown."
In Part One, we began examining the biblical idea of five heavenly crowns and what these rewards mean for Christians. We will continue our examination by considering the fourth of these, the imperishable crown, mentioned in I Corinthians 9:25: "And everyone who competes for the prize is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a perishable crown, but we for an imperishable crown."
The prize Paul refers to is the victory in the Panhellenic Games, which were four separate sports festivals held in ancient Greece. The Olympic games were the oldest and most venerable, and the others were the Pythian, Nemean, and Isthmian games. Wikipedia notes:
The games are also known as the stephanitic games, because winners received only a garland for victory. (Stephanitic derives from stephanos, the Attic Greek word for crown.) No financial or material prizes were awarded . . .. The Olympic games awarded a garland of olive leaves; the Pythian games, a garland of laurel leaves; the Nemean games, a crown of wild celery, and the Isthmian games, a garland of pine leaves in the archaic period, [and later] one of dried celery . . ..
Thus, Paul describes the athletic rewards as "perishable." The apostle Peter explains, however, that God has called us to "an inheritance incorruptible" (I Peter 1:4; emphasis ours), the same Greek word Paul uses in I Corinthians 9:25 for "imperishable." Our reward, our symbolic laurel for victory, will never rot, tarnish, or vanish. Paul characterizes our spiritual contest a battle (Ephesians 6:12), and to the victor—the overcomer—goes the spoils, the rewards, which he affirms Christ will give us at His return:
In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trump shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. (I Corinthians 15:52-53)
Fifth, consider the crown of life, mentioned in Revelation 2:10:
Do not fear any of those things which you are about to suffer. Indeed, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested, and you will have tribulation ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.
The crown of life is also called the "martyr's crown." In Greek, Stephen's name is Stephanos, meaning "crown." By his faithfulness until death, Stephen brought glory to God, making him the first Christian martyr or witness. In Isaiah 44:8, God tells us not to fear or be afraid, for we are His witnesses to His unique position in all the universe. We may not be martyred, but we are dead to sin, and we are to crucify our flesh with its desires. Paul exhorts us to present our bodies as living sacrifices, given in any way that God sees fit (Romans 12:1).
In John 12:25, Jesus uses two different words for "life": "He who loves his life will lose it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life." Life in this world is the Greek word psyche (Strong's #5590), the seat of feelings, desires, and affections. His second word for "life" is zōē (Strong's #2222), "the absolute fulness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God."
In his Forerunner article on this crown, Martin Collins writes:
The crown of life consists of eternal, imperishable living! It represents victory over our earlier, perishable life of sin. In the Millennium and for all eternity, we will wear our crown of life as an emblem of victory, righteousness, and honor as befits those who have been obedient and faithful to Christ.
Before we close, we should consider Isaiah 62:1-3:
For Zion's sake I will not hold My peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, and her salvation as a lamp that burns. The Gentiles shall see your righteousness, and all kings your glory. You shall be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD will name. You shall also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, and a royal diadem in the hand of your God.
Each victorious Christian in this age will be given immortality and crowned at the return of Jesus Christ. Although each will receive special and specific rewards, the New Testament's five crowns of victory are all part of one encompassing and greater symbolic, triumphant crown.
In Revelation 3:12, the overcomers are described as pillars forever in the temple of God. In this verse, "overcomes" can also be translated as "conquers," "prevails," or "achieves victory." In the previous verse, Revelation 3:11, Jesus urges Christians to "hold fast what you have, that no one may take your crown" (stephanos), a singular laurel of victory.
An additional New Testament crown is not a crown of reward: the crown of thorns that Jesus wore during His crucifixion. In a way, though, the crown of thorns that Roman soldiers forced onto His head was an ironic stephanos, but one that we can understand to symbolize His victory over sin, becoming the Redeemer. His victory assures us that most of humanity will ultimately be saved (Romans 11:26-29). He assures us in John 16:33 that He has overcome—conquered, prevailed, achieved victory over—the world. The apostle John writes that, through this victory, Jesus is the appeasing sacrifice, not only for the sins of the elect, but also for the entirety of repentant humanity (I John 2:2).
Even so, the five crowns mentioned in the New Testament are specifically for those called now. God's elect have the opportunity for special responsibilities in God's Kingdom (John 14:2), and when Jesus returns, we will indeed reign as kings with Him (Revelation 11:15, 18). He Himself will wear many crowns—diadems, this time—and will bring His rewards for us with Him: "And behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to give to every one according to His work" (Revelation 22:12).