by Herbert W. Armstrong (1892-1986)
Can a Christian commit a SIN, AND STILL BE A CHRISTIAN? Or would this be "the unpardonable sin"? Or would it prove he never was a Christian? Thousands worry, because they do not UNDERSTAND what IS the sin that shall never be forgiven.
NOT SO LONG AGO, a professing Christian—a prominent churchman, of what denomination I never knew—was murdered for allegedly committing adultery. Many said, "That man was no Christian! No real Christian could ever commit adultery."
I never knew the man. I merely read of it in the newspapers. It is not for me to judge whether he had ever been really a Christian—or, for that matter, whether he was guilty of the alleged adultery.
But, as a hypothetical case, what if a professing Christian did commit adultery? Would that prove he never was a Christian? Or, suppose he had been a genuinely converted man, utterly sincere in his Christian life, and that he did commit the adultery. Could he still be a really converted Christian after committing the adultery?—or was the adultery, under those circumstances, "the unpardonable sin"? Would God forgive, on repentance?
THAT question I can answer!
Many have come to me, worried, and said: "I'm afraid I have committed the unpardonable sin."
I have replied, "You probably haven't."
But they will persist, "Yes, but I consented, in my mind, to commit that sin. Sure I was tempted—and I tried to resist it in my mind, but the more I resisted, the more I wanted to do it—until, finally, I just gave in, and consented in my mind, to do it. I did it knowingly. Wasn't that sinning willfully? Wasn't that the unpardonable sin?"
LET'S UNDERSTAND what is meant by sinning willfully, and by what is called "the unpardonable sin."
Is this sin committed only by converted Christians—or also by non-Christians?
Is every sin committed by a converted Christian unpardonable? Or can a Christian commit a sin, repent, be forgiven, and still remain a Christian?
First, we need to UNDERSTAND, more clearly than most do, what constitutes a Christian in God's sight—according to the BIBLE. I want to make PLAIN some factors you probably have never understood!
The Bible teaching does not altogether agree with the dictionary definition, nor with the popular idea that has gained general acceptance in the so-called Christian world.
Webster's Dictionary defines a Christian as: "One who believes, or professes or is assumed to believe, in Jesus Christ, and the truth taught by Him."
The BIBLE replies: "Thou believest that there is one God, thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble" (James 2:19).
Today many professing Christians—and most of the "tracts" passed out purporting to show "sinners" how to "get saved"—how to become a Christian—quote one verse, Acts 16:31, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved." Notice, this passage does NOT say, as they appear to ASSUME, "Believe ... and then thou ART ALREADY saved." It says "shall be" (FUTURE tense) saved. Assuredly this believing on Christ is necessary, yet other Biblical passages make plain that this IS NOT ALL that constitutes "being saved."
BELIEVERS Seek to Kill Jesus
In John 7:31, it is recorded: "And many of the people believed on Him ..." But were they really Christians? Notice, beginning with John 8:30: "As He spake these words, many believed on Him. Then Jesus said to those Jews which believed on Him, 'IF ye continue in my Word, then are ye my disciples indeed ....'" But they did not actually BELIEVE HIM! They believed ON HIM—that He was a great teacher, as a man—they believed on the PERSON—like millions today. But they did not BELIEVE Him—did not believe what He said—His Message—His Gospel. To these same people, who "believed on Him," Jesus said, just a few verses farther on, "... but ye seek to kill me, because MY WORD hath no place in you ... But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God ... and if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?" (John 8:31-46.)
They "believed on the Lord Jesus Christ," just as these cheap tracts tell "sinners" to do to "be saved." Yet they tried to KILL the very Saviour they "BELIEVED ON." And they DID NOT BELIEVE HIM—did not believe what He said.
There is a DIFFERENCE between "believing ON Christ," and BELIEVING CHRIST! So here are two TRUTHS:
1) It may be hard to accept, but it's TRUE—millions who believe they are Christians actually are still unconverted, deceived, having accepted a false conversion!
2) MANY who, judged by this world's more popular "Christian" teachings, appear NOT to be Christians ARE, in actual fact, truly converted Christians IN GOD's SIGHT!
Just What IS a "Christian"?
What, then, IS a true "conversion"? WHAT constitutes a real Christian in the sight of GOD?
The WAY to become a Christian was given, in few words, on the very day that the New Testament Church of God began, by the apostle Peter. There were three steps. The first two, we humans must do. These do not "save" us, or make us Christians—they are merely required conditions. The third, GOD does.
2) be baptized (which is the outward action testifying to inward FAITH in Christ as Saviour-Acts 8:36-37), and
3) you shall receive THE GIFT of the HOLY SPIRIT (Acts 2:38).
Now consider one additional Scripture: "But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have NOT the Spirit of Christ, HE IS NONE OF HIS (Romans 8:9).
A Christian, then, (BIBLE DEFINITION) is one in whom the Holy Spirit dwells! The next (10th) verse speaks of the Holy Spirit of God dwelling IN you as CHRIST being in you—in this language: "And if Christ be in you ...."
And the following (11th) shows how this will "save"—that is, give you the GIFT of ETERNAL LIFE—complete "salvation"—when it says: "But IF the Spirit of Him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, He that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in you."
This passage shows that the final salvation means being GIVEN ETERNAL LIFE at the time of, and through the resurrection. It says, of that final gift of being made IMMORTAL, "He ... shall also" (As He raised Christ by a resurrection)—and note that it is future tense—"quicken your mortal bodies BY HIS SPIRIT which dwelleth in you."
Notice carefully! It is the Holy Spirit of God "dwelling in you" at the time of the resurrection. Or, more specifically, at the end of this mortal life. IF the Holy Spirit of God is "dwelling in you" at that time, which is the time of the second coming of Christ, (or at the time of your death, whichever comes first), THEN your mortal body will be resurrected, or changed, to an immortal body—given ETERNAL life.
As long as the Holy Spirit of God dwells IN YOU, you are Christ's—that is, you ARE A CHRISTIAN. But (verse 9 of Romans 8, quoted above), "if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His"—he is NOT a Christian.
A Christian, then, in GOD's terms, is one who has, at the moment, God's HOLY SPIRIT dwelling in him.
BEFORE this change has taken place, he is NONE OF HIS—not a Christian. IF the Holy Spirit no longer dwells in him, then he is no longer a Christian. He is a Christian while, and only while, the Holy Spirit is dwelling in him.
Millions Deceived Into False "Salvation"
Millions may profess to be Christians, but unless God's Holy Spirit, given as HIS GIFT by GRACE, is, at the moment, dwelling in them, they are NOT CHRISTIANS.
Millions may have their names written in Church membership books, and still be "NONE OF HIS"—not really CHRISTIANS at all! And millions are so deceived!
So UNDERSTAND THIS! A person is a Christian—in God's sight—ONLY while God's Holy Spirit is dwelling IN him. Not before! Not after!
Must Bear "Fruit"
Next, to UNDERSTAND, it is important you realize that God's Spirit will not remain dormant within you. You can't put a cork over it and bottle it up. The Scriptures above quoted speak of His Spirit as "dwelling" in you—and, with many other Scriptures, as "CHRIST dwelling [in Spirit, not in actual Person] in you." But the living Christ is alive, active, not lifeless or dormant.
In John 7:37-39 Jesus spoke of the Holy Spirit as "rivers of living water," flowing into us from Him, and then flowing out of us, in fulfilling God's Law. God's Spirit is God's LOVE—"the LOVE of God shed abroad in our hearts BY the Holy Spirit" (Romans 5:5). God's Law is a spiritual Law (Romans 7:14), and requires the spiritual LOVE we can receive only from God to fulfill—for LOVE is the fulfilling of the Law (Romans 13:8, 10). Your own human (carnal) love cannot properly fulfill God's spiritual Law! And remember, God gives His Holy Spirit ONLY to "them that OBEY Him" (Acts 5:32).
Now a flowing RIVER flows down a riverbed—and God's "riverbed" down which the "living water" of His Spirit flows out from us is HIS LAW. In other words, God's Spirit flows out of us by fulfilling God's Law.
In the 15th chapter of John, Jesus makes this PLAIN! We are compared to the branches on a vine—say, a grapevine. As the sap flows from the vine into the branches, producing FRUIT, so God's Spirit flows from the living Christ into us, producing the "WORKS" of RIGHTEOUSNESS—that is, fulfilling God's LAW. But this kind of "works" is not our "works"—for that (God's Spirit—God's LOVE) which PRODUCES this fruit of righteousness comes from GOD by HIS GRACE, freely given. THIS IS NOT OUR OWN RIGHTEOUSNESS—it is not OUR "works" at all—it is GOD'S righteousness given by His grace, through His Spirit!
Now is this God-given righteousness required for salvation?
Notice this illustration of Jesus, in the 15th chapter of John.
Jesus says "I am the Vine, and my Father is the Husband man"—that is, the owner and cultivator of the vineyard (John 15:1). Next verse: "Every branch in me that beareth not fruit He taketh away." Further, "He that abideth in me, and I in him" (Christ abiding, or dwelling IN YOU through the Holy Spirit) "the same bringeth forth much fruit ... If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned" (verses 5, 6).
In other words, the fruit of God's righteousness MUST be produced in the Christian life. And what is "righteousness"? God says, "All thy Commandments are righteousness" (Psalm 119:172). This does not necessarily mean God will cut you off immediately, the first day or week or month you might let go by without producing active and positive fruit. There is, however, a limit somewhere along life's way where, unless you are definitely growing spiritually, that God's Spirit will no longer "dwell in you," and if you let that time come, you shall, like a dead grape branch, be ultimately cast into the final "gehenna fire."
But be sure of this: It is a DANGEROUS thing for a truly converted Christian to grow lukewarm and careless, and become a "passive" Christian. Perhaps most have temporary lapses in spiritual progress. But as soon as you "wake up" to such a lapse, repent immediately and seek God with your whole heart, for a CLOSER, more active spiritual walk with Him.
The Two Opposite ATTITUDES
Notice now this BASIC TRUTH.
There are just the two opposite philosophies of life—two OPPOSITE WAYS.
1) The WAY of human nature. This is the self-centered way of vanity, greed, envy; the way of getting, taking, accumulating; the way of competition and strife. It is the WAY of Satan—the way of sin.
2) The WAY of the divine nature, which may be implanted within by the Holy Spirit. This is the GOD-centered way of humility, exaltation of GOD, submissiveness to God; the way of outgoing concern for fellow man; the way of GIVING, sharing, serving, helping. It is the WAY of righteousness—GOD's WAY.
Also, there are the TWO opposite and opposing ATTITUDES of mind.
You have a natural mind that is in tune with the devil's wavelength (Ephesians 2:2). It picks up the very attitudes of Satan as expressed by selfishness, criticism, envy, unhappiness, etc., etc. Satan actually transmits to humanity that attitude of mind and heart which travels the way of sin as explained in 1) above. Of this natural mind, God says: "The carnal mind is enmity [hostile] against God; for it is not subject to the law of God ..." (Romans 8:7).
The opposite ATTITUDE is that of the repentant Christian—that of the divine nature implanted by the Holy Spirit. It travels THE WAY of 2) above. This is the spiritual mind. The mind of Christ—in you!
Now remember, there are TWO required CONDITIONS, which you must supply, before you receive the GIFT of God's Holy Spirit. Neither of these supply or earn salvation. But God will not GIVE His precious GIFT until we put down the hostile rebellion. These two conditions, as stated before, are repentance and faith.
What is repentance?
This comes to the very crux of the whole question.
Just What IS Repentance?
Repentance is a change of mind and ATTITUDE. It is a change from this carnal attitude of hostility toward God—of rebellion against God's Law, to the opposite attitude of love, submission, obedience, and worship of God, and reliance on Him. It is an "about-face" in attitude and intent, to THE WAY of God's righteousness.
Repentance means that you come to really see yourself as you ARE—as GOD sees you—as a self-centered, hostile, shriveled-up, rotten, vile, filthy, sinning hulk of rotting human flesh, unworthy to breathe the free air God gives you! It means to be so SORRY, not only for what you have done, but also for WHAT YOU ARE—that you so ABHOR yourself that you come, emotionally broken up, throwing yourself on God's mercy, asking His forgiveness, and His redemption! It means wanting to be made righteous.
To REPENT means a total change of ATTITUDE and HEART! A continuously repentant attitude! For God's Spirit will dwell only in such a mind!
FAITH means to accept the living Jesus Christ as personal Saviour, RELYING on Him, in full confidence that HIS SACRIFICE of His very life for YOU is altogether sufficient to pay the penalty of your transgressions; relying on Him completely to save you from sinning, and to GIVE you righteousness and Eternal Life.
When you receive God's Holy Spirit, you have received the very life of God. But that does not make you, as yet, an inheritor of eternal life. You are not yet IMmortal.
You are then an HEIR of God—and a joint-heir with Christ; that is, an heir, not yet a possessor or inheritor. Still mortal flesh and blood—not yet composed of spirit.
But as long as God's Holy Spirit dwells in you (active, as described above), you remain an heir of God, later to inherit and share with Christ ALL that the heavenly Father has!
Given a New Nature
Now we come to an ALL-important fact.
God's Holy Spirit within you is the presence of a NEW NATURE—a DIFFERENT nature—you are now a partaker of the Divine NATURE (II Peter 1:4). The nature that not only wants to BE GOOD—but wants to DO righteousness.
But, mark this well! The reception of God's Divine NATURE within us DID NOT remove the old HUMAN NATURE, with its pulls and temptations. Nor will the HUMAN nature be completely REMOVED until the resurrection, and change into SPIRIT COMPOSITION—until you are no longer composed of matter, but of spirit.
War Between TWO Natures
Notice the apostle Paul's teaching to the Gentile converts of Galatia: "This I say, then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would" (Galatians 5:16-17).
In Romans 8:14, it is written: "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God."
I want you to UNDERSTAND this!
When one receives God's Spirit, it opens the MIND to spiritual comprehension—spiritual KNOWLEDGE. It shows him THE WAY to live—the way of GOD's LAW. It opens the MIND to understand God's Word—and we must live by "every Word of God"—so said Jesus.
God's Holy Spirit never possesses one—never forces one. It enlightens one's mind—LEADS in the right way. But the individual must make the decision, and exercise WILL, to go that way.
Now to the Galatians, Paul wrote that when we "walk in the Spirit"—that is, are LED BY the Spirit, then "YE"—that is, YE CHRISTIANS—shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. The sense, here, is that IF and when you—through lack of vigilance—relax and neglect to "walk in the Spirit," you may be caught off guard and yield to the PULL of human nature, still in you, and thus fulfill the lust of the flesh—commit a SIN!
In other words, IF, as long as, and WHEN, you WALK in the Spirit, you will NOT commit sin. But, Paul continues: "For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit"—and, as the RSV translates the rest of the sentence, "the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are OPPOSED to each other, to prevent you from doing what you would" (Galatians 5:16-17).
What you WOULD, what you really want to do, now that you have become spiritual minded, is to DO RIGHT—go the WAY of God's Law—be LED by God's Spirit. But is it easy?
Did Paul Sin?
This leads us directly to the FIGHT to be obedient the apostle Paul experienced.
After explaining that THE WAY of God's RIGHTEOUSNESS is THE WAY of God's Law, Paul was inspired to write: "What then shall we say? That the Law is sin?"
When God inspired that question, He knew that multiple thousands of professing clergy of today's deceived "Christianity" would be saying that God's Law is EVIL—it is BAD—it is a yoke of BONDAGE—that it is bad for us—that Jesus "nailed it to His cross"—that that "terrible Law" is "done away." So God inspired the Answer: "By no means!"
Read the question and answer again: "What then shall we say? That the Law is sin?" And GOD's answer through Paul: "BY NO MEANS!" (Romans 7:7—RSV.) Continue, (Moffatt translation): "Why, had it not been for the Law, I would never have known what sin meant."
In other words, the Law DEFINES SIN—the definition of SIN is, "Sin is the transgression of the Law" (I John 3:4). God does not allow MAN to decide what is sin—but God compels man to decide whether to sin. Man could never know what is sin, except by God's Law.
Continue: "Thus I would never have known what it is to covet, unless the Law had said, You must not covet."
Paul says further, "Wherefore, the Law is HOLY, and the Commandment HOLY, and JUST, and GOOD ... For we know that the Law is spiritual" (Romans 7:12, 14).
Yes indeed—it is a spiritual Law—a Law of SPIRITUAL PRINCIPLES of living—the HOLY, GOOD, SPIRITUAL WAY OF LIFE! Yet God says the carnal mind hates it—is hostile to it, not subject to it (Romans 8:7). According to THAT inspired Word of GOD, a vast segment of the clergy of professing "Christianity" is CARNAL minded! Tragic, but true!
Now notice that it is NOT EASY to GO that way! It requires struggle! And why? Because human nature pulls you the other way!
Paul continues: "But then I am a creature of the flesh, in the thraldom of sin. I cannot understand my own actions. I do not act as I desire to act; on the contrary, I do what I detest" (verses 14-15, Moffatt translation).
Notice, Paul is not talking about how he formerly DID, before conversion. He is speaking in the PRESENT TENSE. He is telling us of the struggle against sin that even the apostle Paul experienced.
Continue: "For in me (that is, in my flesh) no good dwells" (verse, 18). That is, in human nature.
Psychiatrists today reason from the false approach that human nature is essentially good. God Almighty says it is NOT good, but essentially evil. The vanity in human nature wants to be thought of as good—would like to BE good, but not to DO good. Thus it is deceptive, deceitful. It "kids itself"—to use modern slang. God says, "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?" (Jeremiah 17:9.) Yes, who can know—or UNDERSTAND it? Assuredly modern psychologists and psychiatrists don't!
So Paul says that in him—in his human flesh—his human nature—no good dwells. The ONLY good that can be in us is CHRIST in us, by His Holy Spirit.
What Was This OTHER Law?
So Paul continues: "... the wish is there, but not the power of doing what is right" (verse 18). Continue (Authorized Version), "For I delight in the Law of God."
Paul had changed his mind—REPENTED. He had been converted—received God's Holy Spirit, was now SPIRITUAL MINDED. God's Law was his mandate and was now "the law of his mind"—he delighted in it—said it was holy, just and good—a spiritual Law. In his now-converted spiritual mind, he desired to DO good.
So he said, "I delight in the Law of God after the inward man: but I see another law in my members, WARRING against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members" (verses 22-23).
What was this "another law in his members"? It is also called "the law of sin which is in my members." It is simply the HUMAN Nature that was still in him. It was warring against GOD's LAW, which was now "the law of his mind." So Paul is describing his experience AFTER conversion—WHILE God's Holy Spirit was "dwelling in" him. And this other law, which was his human nature, was bringing him "into captivity" as its slave!
Paul Did EVIL??!!
As explained in Galatians 5:16-17, human nature—"the flesh"—lusted against God's Spirit in him—against God's Law in his mind, "so that ye cannot do the things that ye would," as he wrote in Galatians 5:17.
It was thus with Peter. It was thus with Paul. And that is the way it is with YOU if God's Spirit dwells in you.
Paul said, "... but the evil which I would not, that I do" (Romans 7:19).
So what is Paul saying? He is saying that the PULL of human nature, warring against his converted spiritual mind, did cause him to sin!
Do not blame me, because THAT IS WRITTEN IN YOUR BIBLE! Let's become undeceived, and UNDERSTAND the TRUTH as God inspired it!
But there is a HAPPY ENDING to Paul's experience, after all. So let's make it PLAIN!
After Paul recounted his problem, no wonder he exclaimed, "O wretched man that I am! WHO shall deliver me from the body of this death?" (Verse 24.) The Moffatt translation is more clear: "Miserable wretch that I am! WHO will rescue me from this body of death?" And his answer: "GOD WILL!"
The Happy Solution
Then follows the wonderful 8th chapter of Romans—the "Holy Spirit chapter."
So now we come to the HAPPY solution!
And this is the solution for YOU, also! For you, too, have the pull of human nature to fight.
Plainly, Paul said that he did, at times, SIN—even in his converted state. He said, "... but the evil which I would not, that I DO." And he did do it consciously—knowingly! His mind, for the moment, did consent to it! He knowingly yielded! So knowingly that he wrote of it for you and me to read!
But he did not sin willfully! The evil he says he DID was "the evil which I would not" (Romans 7:19).
His ATTITUDE—his overall INTENTION—was to do the RIGHT of God's Law. He said, verses 21-22 of Romans 7, Moffatt translation: "So this is my experience of the Law. I desire to do what is right, but WRONG is all that I can manage. I cordially agree with GOD's LAW, so far as my inner self is concerned."
He had NOT deliberately DESIRED to follow a life of evil—just the opposite! His overall DESIRE—his ATTITUDE—was to obey God's Law. Yet when the pull of human nature—in a single incident—overpowered him, he was aware of what he was doing in his mind—his mind therefore of necessity did, for the moment, consent and yield.
But THAT WAS NOT THE UNPARDONABLE SIN! It was NOT sinning WILLFULLY! And it did NOT condemn him! Nor does such an experience, if truly repented of, condemn YOU. Paul continues:
"There is therefore now NO CONDEMNATION to them which are in Christ Jesus" (Romans 8:1). Here again, Moffatt renders it in more modern English: "Thus there is NO DOOM now for those who are in Christ Jesus; the law of the Spirit brings the LIFE which is IN Christ Jesus, and that law has set me free from the law of sin and death."
Many Wrest Paul's Writings
Let's make that PLAIN. Many would try to argue that this last sentence abolishes GOD's Law. They would argue that "the law of sin and death" is the Ten Commandments. It is JUST THE OPPOSITE!
As Peter wrote, some of Paul's writings are difficult to understand, "which they that are unlearned and unstable WREST, as they do also the other Scriptures, unto their own destruction" (II Peter 3:16).
Notice now! WHAT is this "law of sin and death" which he is set free from? NOT the Ten Commandments! It is, simply that "other law" of verse 23 (Romans 7), "in my members"—the PULL of HUMAN NATURE into SIN. Later, same verse 23, Paul is brought "into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members." This is the "law" that is "in his members." This is the "law" that is warring against the "law of my mind," which is the Law of GOD—"for I delight in the Law of God after the inward man"—as Paul made plain.
The "Law of his mind" was the Holy Spirit fulfilling God's Law—the Ten Commandment Law. The law "in his members" that enslaved him, called the "law of sin," was this "law of sin and death" spoken of in Romans 8:2. Thus God's Holy Spirit, in his mind, SET HIM FREE from the law of sin and death "in his members"—that is, from HUMAN NATURE—which enslaved him!
Notice, Paul had said (last verse in chapter 7), "So then with the mind I myself serve the Law of GOD; but with the flesh [human nature] the law of sin."
Some of Paul's writings do seem complicated. All this, made PLAIN, simply says HUMAN NATURE enslaved him—held him captive in sin—he was not able—of himself—to overcome it and resist sin. But God's Holy Spirit FREED him from being the slave of sin—gave him POWER to resist and overcome sin—gave him the POWER of DIVINE LOVE which comes from GOD—the love that FULFILLS God's Law.
Paul goes on, in this 8th chapter, to explain how the ATTITUDE of the natural, unconverted man—the carnal mind—is one of HOSTILITY against obedience to God and His Law (verse 7), but you are not "IN the flesh," but "IN the Spirit"—that is, "IN Christ," IF His Holy Spirit DWELLS in you (verse 9). This Spirit "dwelling" in you means an ATTITUDE OF MIND submissive to God and His Law—an attitude that DESIRES to GO the way of God's Law—THE way of love, of giving, sharing, serving, helping.
The FALSE Teachings
The people of the Western world are beset on every side by various absolutely FALSE teachings on this very subject.
There are those who say: It is IMPOSSIBLE for us to live righteously, so Christ lived a righteous life IN OUR STEAD, and, if you just believe, God IMPUTES Christ's righteousness to you. These people mean that YOU do not need to live righteously. Actually, THEY CONDONE SIN—their false argument means you are free to go on deliberately SINNING, but GOD PRETENDS you are righteous, by a sort of hocus-pocus of transferring Jesus' righteousness to you. Those are the "ungodly men" Jude warns against, "turning grace into license."
Others say that, since it is IMPOSSIBLE for us to keep God's Law, Jesus did away with the Law. SO—if that be true, you are FREE to go on sinning.
There are also the false teachings about "a second work of grace," and "a second baptism of the Holy Spirit," and of what "the baptism OF the Holy Spirit" (as they incorrectly phrase it) MEANS. Then there are false teachings about "Justification, Sanctification and Christian Perfection."
Any one of these might require an entire booklet—or more—to correct, and make the TRUTH plain.
If the reader would like THE BIBLE EXPLANATION of the baptism by the Holy Spirit, write for our free booklet entitled "All About Water Baptism". Also the reprint "How You Can Be Imbued With the Power of God."
Some people speak of having already BEEN "saved." And, indeed, certain New Testament passages, in the English translations, might lead one to assume that one's salvation is COMPLETE, and IN THE PAST, upon profession of Christ.
"Salvation"—Past, or Future?
The word "salvation"—that is, the English word—means, says Webster: "1. The saving of man from the spiritual consequences of sin ... 2. Preservation from destruction, failure, or other evil."
In other words, "salvation" involves TWO things:
1) Saving man from the DEATH PENALTY he has incurred by sin;
2) Preservation of life—and, since man does not have eternal life, his life can be preserved ONLY by God's GIFT of Eternal life by a resurrection or conversion from mortality to immortality.
To explain further: One can SAVE a man from drowning—from falling off a high precipice to his death—that is, to PREVENT or save from a calamity or destruction or injury. But one also can save fruit, vegetables, or other things from spoiling, in the sense of PRESERVING them, so that their existence is CONTINUED.
Actually, the Bible speaks of salvation in three ways—or as a process in three stages—if we wish to become theologically technical.
Jesus has already saved us (past tense) from the death penalty by His blood, paying the death penalty in our stead: "... according to His mercy He saved us ... that being justified by His grace, we should be made heirs ..." (Titus 3:5, 7). This passage speaks of having been saved from the penalty of past sins—JUSTIFIED—having received God's Holy Spirit, thus becoming HEIRS of God. Notice (verse 7 above), it is speaking of JUSTIFICATION of past sins, and of being in the state of an HEIR—not an INHERITOR as yet.
Then, in II Corinthians 2:15, RSV, it speaks of those that "are being saved" present tense. The verb here should be translated, as in the RSV, "are being saved," and not "are saved," as in the King James version. The Moffatt, and other translations render this as "are being saved."
To make it plain, notice the whole sense of the passage: "For we are unto God a sweet savour [fragrance] of Christ, in them that are saved [being saved], and in them that perish." We Christians are like sweet perfume or fragrance to certain others. If to those that are (already—past tense) saved, then also to those who are, already (past tense) perished. Now those already perished are not smelling anything. This is speaking of LIVING people. If those that "perish" are merely ON THE WAY toward perishing—but not yet perished—then, also those "saved" are BEING saved—on the way to the final salvation.
Then MANY, MANY Scriptures speak of the salvation to come—of those who "shall be" (future) saved. Most passages referring to the TIME of salvation refer to it as taking place at Christ's coming—as Revelation 12:10 and elsewhere.
In spiritual salvation, the blood of Christ—the death of Christ—paid the penalty we have incurred in our stead. And it SAVES US from this destruction (which is the second death)—that is, PREVENTS US from having to pay it—if and when we REPENT, and accept Jesus as personal Saviour in faith believing (read Romans 5:8-10).
But, God's gift of eternal LIFE comes to us through Christ's LIFE, (verse 10) through His resurrection and LIFE—not by His death. His death paid our penalty of past sins IN OUR STEAD. These sins had cut us off from contact with God. When Jesus' sacrifice is accepted by repentance and faith, we are no longer cut off from God, but reconciled to Him—the connection or contact established, so that, through His Son's LIFE, He now can GIVE US His Holy Spirit, and, at Christ's coming and time of resurrection, ETERNAL LIFE. This, finally preserves our life for eternity.
That is why God's Word says, "he that shall endure unto the end shall be saved" (Matthew 24:23 and elsewhere).
One is already saved FROM the DEATH penalty—eternal punishment—for SINS THAT ARE PAST, upon repentance and faith in Christ—as long as he does not sin again! And he will! BUT, as explained in this booklet, if and when he slips, and sins again, then, upon repentance, he is again forgiven. Yes, again, and again, and again! That is, as long as his ATTITUDE of heart is submissive to God, he has faith in Christ, and God's Spirit continues to dwell in him.
So we have:
1) "Justification," which is forgiveness of sins that are past (Romans 3:24-25)—because Jesus paid our penalty, thus justifying—or vindicating—us. Then,
2) "sanctification" (Greek, hagiasmos), meaning, separation; a setting apart for holy use or purpose. This is a continual process—once so set apart—and leads to ultimate salvation, which salvation is the change from mortal to immortal—from material composition to spiritual—from human to divine. Thus: "God hath ... chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit ..." (II Thessalonians 2:13); and "Elect ... through sanctification of the Spirit, UNTO obedience ..." (I Peter 1:2). And, finally,
3) SALVATION by RESURRECTION—ETERNAL LIFE.
The Crux of the Truth
Then Paul comes to the crux of the whole TRUTH, so far as the Christian LIFE is concerned. It is in Romans 8:14:
"For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God."
So we come to this:
God's Spirit dwelling in you is God's own divine LOVE, which can fulfill God's Law. Thus what GOD has given you by grace may actually make you righteous! That means, put GOD's RIGHTEOUSNESS actually within you!
NOTICE, I said God's Spirit in you CAN! It MAY put His righteousness within you!
BUT—and here is the all-important point—God's Spirit in you will not force you to live righteously. God's Holy Spirit will not POSSESS you—as a demon would if allowed to enter. You remain a free moral agent.
God has given you the SPIRITUAL EQUIPMENT to live His Way! His Spirit will OPEN YOUR MIND to SPIRITUAL UNDERSTANDING. God's WAY is to live by every Word of God—that is, to LIVE BY the whole teachings of the Bible. The carnal mind cannot UNDERSTAND the spiritual things of God. The Holy Spirit imparts to you a SPIRITUAL MIND which can comprehend this spiritual knowledge as you study your Bible.
THAT IS, IT SHOWS YOU THE WAY.
But YOU must decide, and you must exert WILL, to follow that Way. "Not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified" (Romans 2:13). You must decide whether to WALK down that road—to be led by the Spirit of God—or to be led by the PULLS of your human nature.
A Spiritual Baby
A newly baptized child of God is a spiritual BABE in Christ. And human physical babies fall down several times before they learn to walk! But they do not become discouraged, give up, or quit! Spiritual babies, too, fall down—perhaps many times—in a number of INCIDENTS of sin—learning to WALK with Christ down GOD's ROADWAY.
But that does not need to move them off that way! If they are "walking with Christ," HE is there (in Spirit) to pick them up, and help them learn to walk better!
So UNDERSTAND! God gives you the spiritual equipment to go HIS WAY. The Holy Spirit imparts power to UNDERSTAND what is God's Way, revealed in the Bible. It thus leads—but never pulls, pushes, shoves, or forces! God's Spirit gives you the spiritual LOVE—God's own LOVE—which only may fulfill His Law. His Spirit imparts to you CHRIST'S OWN FAITH, to make possible obeying His Law. It gives you spiritual POWER!
That's a lot of spiritual EQUIPMENT! A lot of HELP!
But it is still UP TO YOU what you do with it! Jesus said that road is not easy. Human nature, the world and its associations, and the invisible forces of Satan, continue pulling you the other way. Yes, they PULL! And God's Spirit dwelling in you does not pull! You must exert your WILL and DETERMINATION to follow God's Spirit leading you to see and understand GOD's way. You have the spiritual equipment to go that way. Yet this other law—the law of human nature—the law of "sin and death"—will tug at you, and PULL in the carnal direction.
And you are a spiritual BABY! So, you do fall down a number of times—yet you are falling while still ON CHRIST'S ROAD, walking with Him. As long as you keep His Goal before your eyes—as long as you continue in the spiritual ATTITUDE—as long as you DESIRE to go God's Way—as long as you keep trying, and determined, YOU ARE STILL ON THAT ROAD!
You are NOT CONDEMNED!
The SELF in the converted Christian is still there—but, as Paul spoke of it, it must be crucified! A crucified man may be still alive, but nailed up to a stake so he can't get down even though he wants to. The Christian must nail up, so to speak, this old human nature, so that it is NOT ALLOWED to get active and pull him down in the wrong direction.
So Paul said, to the Galatians, "I am crucified with Christ; nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me" (Galatians 2:20).
It Takes STRIVING!
Notice what God says about the Christian life.
It is not EASY to overcome sin. You simply DON'T succeed in every encounter—in every incident!
Jesus said, "STRIVE to enter in at the strait gate ..." (Luke 13:24). The Greek word which Jesus spoke for "strive" means "to strive, to agonize." It means a hard STRUGGLE. A "strait" gate is a very narrow one—difficult to squeeze through. "For," continued Jesus (Matthew 7:13-14), "WIDE is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and MANY there be which go in thereat: because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it."
Paul, to the Colossians, spoke of his struggle to overcome, saying: "... I also labor, STRIVING according to His working, which worketh in me mightily" (Colossians 1:29).
Paul knew that the Christian has a fierce BATTLE with his own nature, the world, and the powers of Satan, when he said, "Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, STRIVING against sin" (Hebrews 12:4).
Paul also showed how we must have on a mighty SPIRITUAL ARMOUR to win this battle. He said, "Finally, my brethren, BE STRONG in the Lord, and in the POWER of His might. Put on the WHOLE ARMOUR of GOD, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness [WICKED SPIRITS] in high places" (Ephesians 6:10-12). Again, in the more modern English of Moffatt, "... but with the angelic [demoniacal] Rulers, the angelic Authorities, the potentates of the dark present, the spirit forces of evil in the heavenly sphere."
The Special Help You Need
BUT—there's more to it than that! Each time you stumble and fall down—in an incident of sin—you simply failed to fully USE this spiritual equipment God had given you. You could have prevented it—you MUST learn to prevent these stumblings along the way. You MUST overcome these forces—your human nature, the world, and the devil—which have pulled you down.
The apostle Paul gave it. After picturing these stumblings, he cried out, "O wretched man that I am, WHO shall deliver me from this body of death?" And he answered, GOD WILL!
At each temptation to stumble, you need to cry out to GOD for SPECIAL HELP—for EXTRA POWER!
Yet if you wait until the temptation comes, you may then, for the moment, be too weak to call out for Christ to hold you up. NOW JESUS set the example! And He never stumbled once! He is the only One who never did! And why? Because He is the only One who kept Himself constantly so CLOSE TO GOD—in continual PRAYER—keeping His mind so continually and steadfastly on God—maintaining, constantly, such close companionship and fellowship with God that when each temptation came He was spiritually strong enough to put the temptation out of His mind instantly!
He never harbored a temptation. He was tempted in all points, just as you and I are! Repeatedly! Satan worked harder in tempting Him than he ever did on any other human! How did He put out of mind the temptations? By having PUT IN His mind the spiritual power of God's Holy Spirit!
NOW YOU and I can have—must have to succeed—this same FELLOWSHIP with God, and also with the living Christ (I John 1:3, 7).
But if, when the temptation comes, you find yourself NOT so filled with God's power, that the temptation tries you, you STILL can cry out, at the instant, for HELP!
Jesus Christ is your High Priest. Read Hebrews 4:16. Go boldly to Him on the Throne of Grace for that HELP in time of need!
Do Real Christians Ever Sin?
NOW we approach our final answer.
Suppose the prominent church member, mentioned in the beginning of this booklet, was actually a truly converted man, and that he actually did commit the alleged adultery. Could he still be a Christian? If GOD had been previously using him, could God still have used him, after the sin of adultery—if he had not been murdered?
I was mentioning this hypothetical instance to a man who is a Christian. His instant, rather emphatic ejaculation was that definitely he never could have been a truly converted man of God, IF he committed adultery.
And I am led to believe perhaps MOST people would think the same way.
BUT YOU WOULD BE WRONG!
Yes, Even Ministers CAN Sin!
We need to UNDERSTAND!
Not only could a prominent churchman, under temptation, slip and commit a sin. But even Jesus Christ was tempted probably more strongly than any other human. He, of course, never let the temptation remain in His Mind—it never conceived or gave birth to sin.
And we need to remember—even a minister of Jesus Christ—a true one whom the living Christ USES—is JUST AS HUMAN AS YOU ARE!
First, too many people look on a minister as a holy, superhuman, saintly, super-righteous sort of person who is surely not HUMAN. They seem to think a minister is not like other humans—that he is automatically ABOVE SIN! This can get to be a sort of WORSHIP, of making your minister "another god BEFORE the Almighty GOD." That can become IDOLATRY!
A minister has the same human nature YOU have—and I have shown you the apostle Paul had it, too! Surely NO minister today is any more righteous than was Paul—and he had a mighty BATTLE striving against sin!
And if we battle against EVIL spirits in HIGH PLACES—Satan and demons of HIGH RANK, and GREAT POWER—just consider how much more the forces of Satan would try to overthrow a true minister of the living Christ!
God's ministers probably have a far tougher struggle against sin than YOU do! They NEED your prayers!
Now as I said in the beginning, I did not know this churchman who was murdered. It is not for me to judge whether he was sincere, whether actually a converted man.
I do not know whether he actually committed the alleged adultery.
But I do want to make one thing PLAIN.
IF he were a converted man, with God's Holy Spirit dwelling in him—with an abiding overall ATTITUDE of delighting in God's Law, as did Paul, of obedience to GOD—and if he actually did slip, and under a temptation you and I may not understand, yield to this INCIDENT of adultery—then IF he truly repented of it, as soon as he came back to his right senses, God WOULD HAVE FORGIVEN!
Assuredly it was possible that he could have continued as a real Christian. Jesus DIED to forgive and BLOT OUT sins REPENTED OF!
Most assuredly no Christian SHOULD commit sin!
And most assuredly no one teaches more emphatically than do the editors of The PLAIN TRUTH that Christians MUST KEEP GOD's COMMANDMENTS! No one can say that we condone sin! NEVER!!!
The apostle John had been three-and-a-half years with Jesus. He wrote under Jesus' inspiration. He said:
"This then is the Message which we have heard of Him, and declare unto you ..." (I John 1:5). This is the inspired Message direct from Christ! Continue:
"IF we say that we have fellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth" (verse 6). The "we" here refers to real Christians. In verse 19 of chapter 2 he speaks of NON-Christians: "THEY went out from us, but they were not of us." His language is plain.
If WE profess to be Christians—if we SAY we have fellowship "with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ" (verse 3)—yet if we are living in darkness—if our lives are going the way of SIN—we are liars. He is not talking here of one who, under temptation, commits an act of sin, and then repents. He is talking directly of those followers of the FALSE PROPHETS who teach that GOD's LAW is DONE AWAY. If you say you are a Christian because you BELIEVE IN CHRIST, or worship Christ—yet DO NOT KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS, you WALK in "darkness." You then do NOT have any fellowship with Christ, and if you claim to be a Christian, you are a LIAR! (I John 2:4.)
Difference Between an Act and an Attitude
He is not talking about AN ACT of sin, repented of—but about an attitude and a life of continuously living in sin!
We must, as a continuous WAY OF LIFE, "walk in the light"—that is, THE WAY of obeying God's Commandments. THEN "we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin" (verse 7). The word "cleanseth" here is from the original Greek word katharizo which is in the Greek present tense which denotes action or repeated in present time. It does not say, the blood of Christ "did cleanse us, when we were first converted." But, rather, does NOW cleanse us who were, in the past, converted.
The following verses make this meaning clear. Notice verse 8:
"If WE" (who are already Christians) "say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us."
Here again, notice the tenses. John does not say, "If we Christians say we did not sin, before we were forgiven and converted." He is not talking about past sins, committed before repentance and conversion. THOSE sins God has forgiven in the past and no longer remembers. He is speaking here of the present. "If we, NOW, say that we NOW have no sin."
Now continue, "If WE confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to CLEANSE US from all unrighteousness" (verse 9). This is speaking of any sins a Christian may commit, after he has been converted. IF we confess, and REPENT, Jesus, our High Priest, alive in heaven, will FORGIVE, and, more, CLEANSE us of all unrighteousness.
What is "righteousness"? Psalm 119:172—keeping ALL God's Commandments. If WE, who are already Christians, confess and REPENT of any sin we might, unhappily, commit (though we certainly SHOULD NOT SIN!!), the living Christ not only will forgive, but will CLEANSE US from doing it anymore!
Next verse: "If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His Word is not in us" (verse 10). In other words, "If WE CHRISTIANS say we CHRISTIANS have not sinned."
The next verse continues right on, though it is in chapter 2.
"My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not" (chapter 2, verse 1). Or, "I write this to you CHRISTIANS, that you who are already Christians will not sin." Then he continues, "And IF any man sin, WE—[we Christians]—have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous: and He is the propitiation for OUR sins" (verses 1-2). And he continues, same verse, to show he is NOT talking about forgiving sins of people "in the world" repenting and just BEING converted: "and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world."
Plainly that says that Christ is the propitiation NOT ONLY for the sins of the whole world—the UNconverted—BUT, ALSO, for OURS—speaking of converted Christians.
In the very next verse John shows how WE Christians know that we know HIM—"IF WE KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS." That is, if that is OUR WAY of life—OUR ATTITUDE—our DESIRE—our INTENTION. We may stumble and fall down once in a while, along THAT WAY. We are "BABES IN CHRIST" and babies fall down sometimes, learning to WALK. But our "WALK" is THE WAY of keeping God's Commandments!
In verse 4, he speaks of the FALSE Christians. "He that saith 'I know Him,' and keepeth not His Commandments, IS A LIAR, and the truth is not in him." That is, the one who never professes to keep God's Commandments, yet professes he is "saved by grace."
The FINAL CONCLUSION
Now we are ready to MAKE PLAIN what IS the "unpardonable sin"—that sin that can never be forgiven, in this world of the next!
SALVATION means being changed from a flesh-and-blood mortal HUMAN, to a Spirit-composed, life-inherent, Immortal son of God the Father—the Father of the divine Family. That change will come at the time of Christ's return. This salvation depends upon God's Holy Spirit dwelling in one at the END of the ROAD—end of your life—or, as Paul characterized it, the end of the race.
SIN is the transgression of GOD's LAW. We naturally have a carnal mind, hostile to God's Law, resentful of authority over it. All have sinned!
When one REPENTS of sin and sinning—comes to a CHANGE of mind and attitude in regard to sin, and BELIEVES in Jesus Christ as His Savior not only from past sins, but from SINNING—God has PROMISED His Holy Spirit. This GIFT from God, of the presence within of His own immortal life, effects a change in the MIND. It becomes spiritual-minded—comes to the ATTITUDE of desiring to GO THE WAY of God's Law—of loving God, being submissive to God's authority, wanting God's righteousness. No longer SELF-centered, but GOD-centered.
He thus starts his WALK down that road, to the end of his life. It is the WAY of God's Commandments, as a WAY of LIFE. At the end of that road is ETERNAL LIFE—his LIFE GOAL, which he now desires above all else!
God's Spirit dwelling in him is the divine LOVE of God which fulfills God's spiritual Law. Through God's Spirit, God by grace has GIVEN him the spiritual EQUIPMENT to walk that WAY. It is a WAY of overcoming, and of GROWING in character—in the knowledge of Christ and of God's WAY. God's Spirit dwells in one actively, flowing into him from God, flowing on out in LOVE to God, and LOVE to neighbor.
BUT, as he WALKS this WAY of life, HE IS A "BABE IN CHRIST," actually learning to walk spiritually, just as a human baby must learn to walk physically. He must TRY not to fall, yet he is bound to fall down a few times along the road, learning to walk spiritually.
If, through former HABIT, or being overcome by temptation of the PULL of the flesh—of his human nature—or other cause, he encounters an INCIDENT of committing a sin, for which he is afterward truly sorry—and for which he REPENTS—all the while his INNER Spirit-begotten MIND still in the ATTITUDE of DESIRING to continue on GOD's WAY, then he has an advocate with the Father—Jesus Christ our High Priest—to FORGIVE that sin.
THAT IS NOT AN UNPARDONABLE SIN!
Even though, in that incident, under temptation or neglect of prayer and Bible study, he does yield KNOWINGLY, his mind, for the time being, ASSENTING to the deed. This is doing it, for the moment, WILLINGLY, but it is NOT willful sin.
The determining factor is this: As long as God's Spirit is DWELLING IN him, he is in contact with God, and still his ATTITUDE is right. And as long as God's Spirit does dwell in him, he is ON THE ROAD to ETERNAL LIFE. He may, on occasion, stumble and fall down. But he continues, so far as his overall ATTITUDE is concerned, on this ROAD to LIFE.
NOW I have shown that God will forgive such an incident of sin in a Spirit-begotten Christian.
You may ask, "But would God forgive if he ever sins AGAIN?" As long as his INTENTION—his overall ATTITUDE and desire—and effort—is to WALK WITH GOD, going GOD's WAY, God will forgive. Jesus said we must forgive, not just once, not twice, or seven times, but seventy TIMES seven. IS God LESS forgiving than He expects us to be?
WHEN one receives the Holy Spirit by God's grace, this Spirit dwelling in him is tentative and conditional SALVATION. But IF one again changes his mind—changes his LIFE'S GOAL—takes his eyes completely off the Goal of God's Kingdom, and fixes them PURPOSELY on going back to THE WAY of worldliness and sin—IF he changes his WAY of life back to the CARNAL WAY of the world, leaving the ROAD he was traveling with CHRIST—THEN he has set his mind on determined, premeditated, deliberate WILLFUL SIN!
IF he decides he no longer WANTS to go GOD's WAY, deliberately and intentionally changes his OVERALL ATTITUDE, and desires, and CHOOSES the world and its ways—deliberately chooses a life of rebellion, comes to have contempt and disregard for God's Law, then that man either has done or is in danger of doing despite to God's Holy Spirit which a merciful and loving God had GIVEN by grace!
SUCH A MAN is surely in grave DANGER of BLASPHEMY AGAINST THE HOLY SPIRIT!
This is not a mere stumbling while ON THE WAY—on GOD's WAY—the WAY of His LAW fulfilled by His HOLY SPIRIT—the way to Eternal Life. This is not an incident of sin. A man may stumble over an INCIDENT of sin again and again, while WALKING the WAY of God, with God's Spirit still dwelling IN him. Always he will repent—because his ATTITUDE is, simply, that he DESIRES, more than anything in life, to SUCCEED along this WAY he has chosen—to OVERCOME, to GROW spiritually, to receive ETERNAL LIFE. He may find the road hard, difficult, beset with temptations and spiritual pitfalls. He will most certainly suffer persecution. But his overall WILLFUL purpose, ATTITUDE and life-GOAL is to be submissive to God, to RELY on God, to be OBEDIENT to God, to LIVE for God, and to enter the Kingdom of God.
What most people do not understand is the difference between an incident of a sin committed—even though there be REPEATED such incidents of stumbling, always repented of—and one's overall ATTITUDE, or desired, deliberate, willful, and fixed PURPOSE!
The one who changes that overall ATTITUDE from one of submissive yielding to God to one of hostile rebellion—the one who changes his life's call from wanting God's RIGHTEOUSNESS, and ETERNAL LIFE, to wanting SELF-centeredness and willfully going the WORLD'S WAY, is in an altogether different category than the one whose call is the Kingdom of God, but who stumbles in an incident of sin—or even many such incidents.
TWO Ways Into Unpardonable Sin
I want to be even more specific. I want every reader to UNDERSTAND. And I feel very few DO fully understand this question.
There are at least TWO ways in which a Spirit-begotten Christian may LOSE the gift of God's Holy Spirit.
1) By deliberate choice. This may come from wrong reasoning; from wrong desire thought out to a final fixed, permanent decision as to his WAY OF LIFE; or, from allowing resentment in his heart toward either God or some person who may have wronged him. To allow resentment to embitter him, until he comes to change his whole life course, turning from God.
I cannot put too much emphasis on guarding against harboring resentment. It is spiritual POISON—deadly spiritual poison. If ever you begin to feel resentment against some injustice, go PRAY, asking God to remove it QUICKLY. Do not let it well up inside you—never harbor it. If you do, you will become as "hooked" with it as a dope addict becomes "hooked" with heroin! It is that serious!
God warns you, "Follow PEACE with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord: looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled" (Hebrews 12:14-15). Your bitterness may not harm the other fellow—but it may destroy YOU!
2) The converted Christian can lose the presence of God's Spirit by CONTINUED NEGLECT. Neglect of prayer, neglect of Bible study, neglect of spiritual fellowship with God's people. Or, by continuing too close a friendship with unconverted people—letting participation with them in material interests, pleasures, sports, entertainments, cause NEGLECT of spiritual interests. Don't misunderstand. A certain amount of diversion can be healthy. And you cannot avoid all contact with unconverted people. But never let it DOMINATE in your interest and heart.
To the Colossians, God says through Paul: "Seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth at the right hand of God" (Colossians 3:1). That is, instead of seeking an interest in television shows, or popular materialistic interests, actively seek more knowledge of Christ—more of the UNDERSTANDING that comes from GOD, in the Bible. Make this your MAIN interest. Never let occasional diversion compete with it as your overall interest.
The passage continues: "Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth" (verse 2). Make the SPIRITUAL things your dominant all-absorbing BIG interest—until you LOVE the receiving of new spiritual knowledge, and set your affection on it. Digging out new spiritual TRUTH in the Bible is the most exciting interest there can be in life. It's not dry, dull, uninteresting, boring. It's exciting, thrilling—and also profitable and uplifting!
NOT the World's Way
Remember it is a WAY OF LIFE. It is not the way the world is living. It is a different ATTITUDE altogether. Jesus said we must live by every Word of God—that is, the WHOLE BIBLE! Since the world lives a different way—travels a different ROAD, if you get interested in, absorbed in, and walking down that road, you certainly will no longer be walking with the living Christ down the spiritual road, with God's LIFE—His Spirit—dwelling in you!
Remember, Jesus tells us it is "he that shall endure unto the END, the same shall be saved" (Matthew 24:13). He means the END of this Spirit-LED road, which every Christian must travel—if LED BY the Holy Spirit. That is LIFE'S road. So it means the remainder of your life.
You cannot travel down TWO different roads, leading in opposite directions, at the same time. Once you have started traveling with the living Christ on GOD's road that leads to eternal life, if you allow materialistic interests to dominate, they may soon lure you back on the carnal road of this world.
And then what?
If you leave THE WAY that God's Spirit is leading, then God's Spirit may leave you—no longer dwelling in you! You will commit sins, but you will not be sorry—and you will probably not repent!