Ronny Graham, reflecting on the extent the sins of our forebears have affected us, focuses on a rather enigmatic incident in II Samuel 21:1-6, when David was prevailed upon to break an old covenant made between King Saul and the Gibeonites. David turned over seven descendants of Saul to be executed, in retribution for Saul's genocidal treatment of the Gibeonites. To be sure, the Gibeonites had deceived Joshua in making the covenant, and the consequences for the Gibeonites did not in the long run turn out well. Today, modern Israel is inviting a curse by not implementing public policies which would ensure the cultural assimilation of aliens. It is vital that God's people inquire of God before making major decisions. God's called-out ones have no way of knowing what their ancestors did in the past to escape a family curse. In the context of Exodus 20:5-6, we learn that, when we yield to Almighty God, He no longer holds us accountable for the misdeeds of our ancestors, and that God's mercy and lovingkindness accrue to those who love Him and keep His commandments.
John Ritenbaugh, using Paul's metaphor of the human body as the temple of God's Spirit (II Corinthians 6:16) insists that stewardship of our bodies or keeping ourselves healthy is (like the Levitical maintenance of the literal tabernacle) an aspect of holiness, promoting the strengthening of our relationship with Jesus Christ. The principle of dressing and keeping (Genesis 2:15) given to our original parents applies to our physical bodies as well. Good health is not an inherited right; it accrues as we apply God's standards and health laws to our behavior. Even though we may have inherited some genetic weaknesses from the sins of our ancestors, we have a God- given responsibility to maintain what we have been given in top condition, if necessary, glorifying God in our affliction.
John Ritenbaugh insists that, when it comes to the consequences of sin, "there ain't no free lunch" (likewise there is no such thing as a victimless crime.) Children (actually all of us) need to learn that we often suffer the consequences of other people's sins. Children, because of their failure to connect cause and effect or time connections, do not seem to comprehend the devastating long-range consequences of sin. Only the immature think they can escape the penalties of broken laws. God's Law is immutable and unchanging. Parents need to teach their children to consider the long-range consequences of current behaviors, chastening and disciplining them while there is hope. The historical testimony of the scriptures reveals that God's purpose or counsel cannot be altered and that His judgments are totally impartial. If we, as parents, realize these principles, we will rear our children to fear God and respect authority. Children must be taught the long-range as well as the short-range cause/effect relationships between sin (or lawbreaking) and the deadly certain penalties that follow.
John Ritenbaugh observes that Lamentations 4 contains a series of contrasts, showing the indignities suffered by a once proud and seemingly invincible people reduced to servitude and abject humiliation because of the sin of idolatry, entered into as a result of economic and political alliances - leading to the adoption of abominable pagan religious practices, violating the covenant made between God and His people. The climax to this extended hopeless lament comes in Lamentations 5:16, when a greatly belated admission of guilt and acknowledged responsibility leads to a recognition of God's sovereignty and hope for ultimate restoration.