Holy Days: Atonement

Bible Study by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

Atonement, a day of fasting, pictures God's solution to the problem of human sin. This Bible study shows why this solemn day is so vital!


The Day of Atonement and Israel's Future

Sermonette by David C. Grabbe

The cleansing of Joshua's filthy robes in Zechariah 3 is a future application of the cleansing in Leviticus 16, when Jesus Christ cleanses Israel in the future.


Reconciliation and the Day of Atonement

Sermon by John W. Ritenbaugh

Repentance is something we must do with our God-given free moral agency. Reconciliation is an ongoing process that enables us to draw closer to what God is.


What We Can Learn From This Day of Atonement

Sermon by John W. Ritenbaugh

God's solution to mankind's separation was sending a second Adam, Jesus Christ, to make reconciliation possible. Fasting shows our dependence on God.


Pride, Humility, and the Day of Atonement

'Personal' from John W. Ritenbaugh

Atonement, when we are commanded to afflict our souls, is a time of self-evaluation and repentance. This is the only way to have real unity with God.


The Peculiarities of Atonement

CGG Weekly by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

Fasting teaches us to realize just how dependent we are on God. Every day, every hour, every minute, He supplies us with everything we need for life.


Why Two Goats on Atonement? (Part Two)

CGG Weekly by David C. Grabbe

On the Day of Atonement, the one goat's blood cleansed the altar of all the sins, while the azazel took them away. Jesus Christ fulfilled both these roles.


The Price of Atonement

CGG Weekly by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

A suitable sacrifice had to be offered so that the sins of mankind could not only be covered, but be completely paid for, forgiven, removed, and forgotten.


Why Two Goats on Atonement? (Part One)

CGG Weekly by David C. Grabbe

In Israel, sins were symbolically placed on the altar throughout the year. On Yom Kippur, one goat's blood cleansed the altar; the second took away the sins.


Limited Atonement

Sermon by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

The prospect of atonement and salvation is available to everybody, but only those called by the Father—not by an evangelical altar call—are eligible.


What is Atonement?

Sermon by John W. Ritenbaugh

Man's estrangement from God is wholly man's fault. Atonement denotes the way harmony is achieved, making the entire world at one or reconciled with God.


Are God's Holy Days To Be Kept Today?

Sermon/Bible Study by Martin G. Collins

If we do not keep God's holy days, we will deprive ourselves of the knowledge of God's purpose. Jesus and the first century church observed and upheld these days.


The Very Same Day

Sermon by David C. Grabbe

The 'very same' or 'selfsame' day is a memorial of a past event, typically on the same date, including several of God's appointed times and pronouncements.


God's Holy Days - Our Shared Vision Of Hope

Feast of Tabernacles Sermon by Mark Schindler

From Passover to Pentecost to Trumpets to Atonement to the Feast of Tabernacles, these days should solidify our vision of he Father, Jesus, and one another.


Sins Borne Away

Sermonette by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

Contrary to prior understanding, Satan plays no role in the redemption of God's people. The Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:1-28) represents both a blood sacrifice for sins and a means of removing sin permanently from the camp of Israel. God has promised to permanently remove transgressions as far as the East is from the West …


Who Fulfills the Azazel Goat— Satan or Christ? (Part Five)

'Ready Answer' by David C. Grabbe

While the church of God has long taught that the azazel goat of Leviticus 16 represents Satan, this traditional view has no biblical support.


Who Fulfills the Azazel Goat—Satan or Christ? (Part One)

'Ready Answer' by David C. Grabbe

Some say the scapegoat (azazel) prefigures the Devil, others say it has been fulfilled by Jesus. Tradition teaches one thing; Scripture reveals another.


The Two Goats of Leviticus 16

Sermonette by David C. Grabbe

The first goat is a blood sacrifice to cleanse the altar. The second goat—the 'azazel' or 'complete removal'—is led away and freed (not bound by a chain).


Who Fulfills the Azazel Goat— Satan or Christ? (Part Three)

'Ready Answer' by David C. Grabbe

Hebrews 9 and 10 clarify the Atonement ritual of Leviticus 16. The author makes no mention of Satan, but says that Jesus bears our sins like the azazel goat.


Who Fulfills the Azazel Goat—Satan or Christ? (Part Two)

'Ready Answer' by David C. Grabbe

On the Day of Atonement, the live goat bears the sins of the nation. Many think this represents Satan as the source of sin, yet Scripture reveals the truth.


Understanding the Azazel Goat

Sermonette by David C. Grabbe

The goat for azazel (complete removal) bore the sins of the nation out of sight. Jesus Christ likewise had our iniquities laid on Him, and He bore them.


Devil in the Details?

CGG Weekly by David C. Grabbe

A mysterious commentary has been used and repeatedly re-quoted as a proof that the azazel goat represents Satan. This source warrants closer inspection.


Hebrews 10:9 - Sacrificial System or Old Covenant?

Sermonette by Charles Whitaker

Hebrews 10:9 does not say that God's law or the Old Covenant has been done away, but that the system of animal sacrifices has been set aside for now.


The Doctrine of Israel (Part Fourteen): Israel Redeemed

Sermon by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

God employs a winnowing process in selecting those who will enter the Millennium. The process includes punishment for Israel's failure to serve as priests.


Jesus Christ, the Bearer of Sin

Sermonette by David C. Grabbe

The Messianic prophecy in Isaiah 53, plus the testimony of Peter and the author of Hebrews, show that Jesus fulfilled the azazel goat's role by bearing sin.


Fasting and Reconciliation

CGG Weekly by John W. Ritenbaugh

Only when we do not think so much of ourselves, feel helpless and weak, will we listen with the intensity required to truly believe, repent, and submit to God.


Who Fulfills the Azazel Goat— Satan or Christ? (Part Four)

'Ready Answer' by David C. Grabbe

The Day of Atonement is not fulfilled with the binding of Satan. Rather, there are numerous prophecies of God atoning for the sins of physical Israel.


Led Outside the Gate

CGG Weekly by David C. Grabbe

Jesus permitted Himself to be sent by the leaders and led by their agents in true meekness, submitting to the Father's will, even cleansing those who led Him.


All Flesh Shall See the Salvation of God

Sermon by Martin G. Collins

Moral failure compounds when self-loathing sabotages happiness. Only atonement can turn this depression around, providing the comfort of mental and spiritual health.


Faith and Spiritual Focus

Sermon by Martin G. Collins

When God's people afflict themselves with fasting, they immediately become aware of the fragility and the temporariness of the flesh. Our Savior and Redeemer Jesus Christ experienced the same temptations as all of us are subject to, but He had equipped Himself to counter the master counterfeiter as well as scripture perverter by …


Who Is Responsible For Sin?

Sermonette by David C. Grabbe

Though Satan influences, the choices an individual make are totally his own, even for those without God's Spirit. We sin when we are drawn away by our own desires.


Inventing Goddesses and Demons

Sermonette by David C. Grabbe

The Jews turned a Babylonian myth of Lilith into a fabrication about a woman before Eve. Some translations suggest Israel sacrificed to a demon named Azazel.


An Intimate Expanding Relationship

Sermon by Mark Schindler

Every one of the annual Holy Days functions to expand an intimate, expanding, profound relationship with Jesus Christ. Sadly, Aaron's sons did not grasp God's booming presence when they offered strange fire contrary to God's stated commands. Leviticus 16: 21 describes the role of the fit man leading the second goat (the Goat of …


Why Was Jesus Not Crucified as Passover Began? (Part One)

'Ready Answer' by David C. Grabbe

The gospels show Jesus observing the Passover at the beginning of the 14th. Should we use the time when He observed it or the time He died as our guide?


Poor in Spirit

Sermon by John W. Ritenbaugh

Being poor in spirit is a foundational spiritual state for qualifying for God's Kingdom. Poor in spirit describes being acutely aware of one's dependency.


Foolishness and Cleansing

Sermon by John W. Ritenbaugh

Human nature has a perverse drive to take risks, pushing the envelope, taking unwise chances, foolishly gambling away the future. Foolishness is sin.


Do Angels Live Forever? (Part One)

Sermon by John W. Ritenbaugh

We cannot assume that angels are immortal and share the same kind of spirit God Almighty has; we cannot assume they are indestructible.


How Do We Keep God's Festivals?

'Ready Answer' by Richard T. Ritenbaugh

Here are the foundational principles to keep in mind in observing the Feasts of God throughout the year.


Separation and At-One-Ment

'Personal' from John W. Ritenbaugh

Since the beginning, God's purpose has been to bring all things into harmony with Him, giving mankind a respite from the heaviness of a sin-laden world.