Ronny Graham, observing that Jesus changed the name of Simon to Peter (meaning rock), and the names of James and John to Boanerges, or Sons of Thunder, explains that Jesus called people by characteristics which described them. Christ was preparing them for. . .
James and John do not appear to have been selfish, but men of action ready to meet a challenge.
Of all the disciples, the one that we usually consider to have the most personality is Simon Peter. No other disciple's words and actions are so often recorded.
John presents Jesus, not as a phantom emanation, but as the reality, transcending the shadows represented by the temporal physical life.
John Ritenbaugh focuses upon the episode in Matthew 20, in which Jesus was deep in thought, reflecting on the prophecies leading up to His crucifixion. At this point, His disciples were not converted, but displayed considerable carnality. The mother of two. . .
John emphasizes the reality of Jesus as the Logos (a word revealing hidden thought), the manifestation of God in the flesh, emphasizing His preexistence and divinity.
Martin Collins, focusing on the episode in Matthew 18:1-3, where some presumptuous disciples speculated about who would receive the highest posts in the Kingdom of God, cautions that ambition, arrogance, and pride would short-circuit such aspirations. Plac. . .
John Ritenbaugh explains that Matthew is part of the synoptic ("seeing together") gospels, largely an embellishment of the more terse outline of basic events found in Mark. Both Matthew and Luke were evidently intended for different audiences, in. . .
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