James and John had great zeal, but initially lacked eloquence and wisdom. Similarly, we need God to redirect our efforts to His purpose rather than our own.
In Mark 3:16-19, Jesus calls the disciples. He gives the brothers James and John a nickname, or title, "Boanerges," which is Greek for "Sons of Thunder."
James and John do not appear to have been selfish, but men of action ready to meet a challenge.
Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great, played a significant role in the ministries of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ. Joseph Bowling relates the history of this cunning and self-serving tetrarch of Galilee and Perea.
John presents Jesus, not as a phantom emanation, but as the reality, transcending the shadows represented by the temporal physical life.
John and James were related, but still had to have the Messiah revealed to them. God is involved in the details of our lives as well as the great events in history.
John emphasizes the reality of Jesus as the Logos (a word revealing hidden thought), the manifestation of God in the flesh, emphasizing His preexistence and divinity.
John Ritenbaugh focuses upon the episode in Matthew 20, in which Jesus was deep in thought, reflecting on the prophecies leading up to His crucifixion. At this point, His disciples were not converted, but displayed considerable carnality. The mother of two of the disciples asked for places of honor for her sons; none of the …