James and John had great zeal, but initially lacked eloquence and wisdom. Similarly, we need God to redirect our efforts to His purpose rather than our own.
James and John do not appear to have been selfish, but men of action ready to meet a challenge.
Of all the disciples, the one that we usually consider to have the most personality is Simon Peter. No other disciple's words and actions are so often recorded.
John presents Jesus, not as a phantom emanation, but as the reality, transcending the shadows represented by the temporal physical life.
True greatness does not come from dominance but from serving with the attitude of a slave. Willingness to sacrifice self is the secret to success.
John emphasizes the reality of Jesus as the Logos (a word revealing hidden thought), the manifestation of God in the flesh, emphasizing His preexistence and divinity.
In Matthew 18, some disciples pondered who would be greatest in the Kingdom. However, ambition, arrogance, and pride will keep one from even being there.
Matthew wrote his account with the Jews in mind, repeatedly saying, 'This was done to fulfill the prophets,' emphasizing the law and the Kingdom of God.
Submitting is repugnant to the carnal mind. The church is no place for uncompromising people who demand their own way.