Many Bible students scratch their heads over the timing of Christ's crucifixion, believing that it should have coincided with the Passover events in Exodus 12. David Grabbe explains that the timing of our Savior's death reaches even further back, into the life of Abraham, the father of the faithful, and the covenant God made with him.
David Grabbe, acknowledging the longstanding controversy over when to keep the Passover, asks the question of why Jesus Christ was crucified late on the 14th day instead of at the beginning of the 14th. Not having the correct answer to this has led some to keep the Passover at the incorrect time. The afternoon of the 14th is significant because of God's covenant with Abraham as recorded in Genesis 15, which foreshadowed the release from bondage on the self-same day 430 years later, and the crucifixion of our Savior (an event taking place outside of a Holy Day, and apart from the time of any commanded sacrifice) which occurred once, displacing the multiple sacrifices required in the Old Covenant, which were only types of the Heavenly Original. We keep the Passover on the beginning of the 14th day because Jesus Christ commanded us to do that and set that example. The timing of Christ's sacrifice late on the 14th points back to the covenant God made with Abraham for his spiritual descendants to be justified by faith, be given eternal life, and be part of a holy nation.
Charles Whitaker, asking how God is going to fulfill all His promises to Abraham and his descendents of eternal life and membership in God's family, concludes that God is going to use the power of Jesus Christ. God plans to give everlasting life to Abraham's descendents (those who have made a covenantal relationship with Almighty God), in an everlasting kingdom. Nationhood, population, and promises of land all factor in these promises, typified by the blessings to modern Israel. The physical type which we now see is but a pale shadow of the vastly superior spiritual fulfillment, in which the saints will possess not only the whole world, but the entire universe. This domain will be an everlasting dominion, ruled over by Abraham and his spiritual descendants (spiritual kings and priests), superior to every nation that has existed. Reciprocal relationship with God, trusting God as Abraham trusted God, and allowing God to thoroughly know us, is the key to entry into this kingship. As Abraham's progeny, we must teach God's ways to our offspring, orienting them to the way of give rather than get, admonishing them to purify themselves from the impure ways of the world. Abraham's offspring have been commissioned to teach the billions of gentiles God's ways, extending God's kingdom farther and farther.
Though the church of God has traditionally emphasized His death over His birth, the prophecies concerning Christ's first advent are vitally important in establishing our faith in His second coming. Richard Ritenbaugh summarizes twelve Old Testament prophecies and their significance to us.
Charles Whitaker, reflecting upon the blessings of Abraham, asks " what is it about Abraham that we should look to him?" As Churchill proclaimed, sometime it is necessary to look backward in order to look forward. The promise given to Abraham was actually the Gospel, extending God's blessing to his family and all the nations of the earth- eternal promises of land(actually the Kingdom of God and the Universe), fecundity and increase of peoples(into the spiritual family of God). Abraham knew the gospel of God's salvation through faith. Although there have been a number of types of this fulfillment, the final fulfillment involves Abraham's descendents, a royal priesthood of kings and priests, inheriting the Kingdom of God. Eventually all the nations on the face of the earth will become the spiritual descendents of Abraham, through Abraham's seed, Jesus Christ.
The story of Ebed-Melech goes far beyond a historical vignette. Concluding his series, Charles Whitaker shows how the story is an allegory of God's grace to the Gentiles.
John Ritenbaugh affirms that the New Covenant seals the agreement with the body and blood of Christ, which is consumed inwardly. Partaking of this cup indicates that we are in unity with those in the body—fellow heirs of the world, as Abraham's seed, participating in the death and resurrection of our Savior. We must thoroughly examine ourselves, exercising and strengthening our faith, actively giving love back to God, to avoid taking this solemn event in a careless, irreverent, or nonchalant manner, jeopardizing our relationship with God, our relationship with our brethren, and our Christian liberty.
John Ritenbaugh shows that God has set a pattern of separating people from the world, making a covenant with them, and enabling them to be a blessing to others as an example of faithfulness and obedience to the covenant. Because of Israel's unfaithfulness and disobedience, God scattered them among the nations, causing them to forget who they were, and they blended in with the world. Like Nehemiah, our worldview must be shaped by a fear of God, a love and concern for His people, and a hatred for the world's practices that destroy our intimate relationship with God. As God's called-out church (Abraham's spiritual offspring, the Israel of God), we have the sobering responsibility of staying loyal to the New Covenant, keeping the spiritual Temple free from the world's defilement — or lose our spiritual identity as ancient Israel lost its physical identity.
In this sermon devoted to the Night Much to be Observed, John Ritenbaugh asserts that far from being the "pipe dream" of Herbert W. Armstrong as some have disparagingly called it, this event is a commanded part of the beginning of the Days of Unleavened Bread, a time focusing on God's watchful oversight as He delivers us from bondage, continuing His oversight throughout our pilgrimage. Numbers 28:16-17 clearly reveals that the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread occur on two different days. Exodus 12:40 clearly marks this event as a memorial of the covenant with Abraham 430 years prior- again emphasizing God's continuous watchful care.
John Ritenbaugh highlights how the witness of the apostles, particularly miraculous healings performed in the name of Jesus Christ, brought them into conflict with the established Jewish leaders, the entrenched Sadducees and the Sanhedrin. Peter used the startling impact of these healings to draw attention to the fulfilled prophecies pertaining to Jesus—the source of the healing power—whom the crowds Peter was addressing had crucified in ignorance. As the veil of ignorance is lifted, they (and we) have the responsibility to act on this knowledge of culpability in His crucifixion and fully repent—undergo a total change of life. Focusing on his predominantly Jewish audience, he affirms that belief in the prophecies of the Old Testament will lead to belief in Christ. Being in Him makes us heirs of the promises to Abraham.